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What is Temporomandibular Dysfunction?

The temporomandibular joint is that in between the skull and the jaw, which allows us to move the latter in the different mastication movements.

The pathology of the temporomandibular joint leads to a different diagnosis in each person.

Many unexplained headaches are caused by TMJ dysfunctions. Also, gingival recession, bruxism, muscle tension, or dental decalcification, have their origin in this disease.

The occlusal balance is the adjustment between the dynamics of the joint and the dental occlusion. This is the basis for a correct function of the temporomandibular joint, hence the importance of applying orthopaedic-orthodontic treatments when appropriate at the right age. Also quite significant is the “selective cut” of the teeth to balance the occlusal movements and prevent or alleviate joint pathology.

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It is key to make a good diagnosis of each case, identifying whether it is a muscle, articular or neurological origin and apply the proper treatment.

Good palliative treatment tools are Splints or Discharge Plates.

Finally, it is worth considering joint rehabilitation through physiotherapeutic manoeuvres.